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Sunday, March 19, 2006

 

Dir (clan)

Dir (clan)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dir is a Somali clan whose members live in northern Somalia.

The Somali people are composed of four major tribes. The Dir, Hawiye, Darod, and Rahanweyn make up the majority of Somalis. The Dir are the most ancient Somali clan, and they are the most widespread group. They primarily live in Djibouti as the Issa and Gadabuursi. The northern clans of the self-declared Somaliland, namely the Isaaq, Gadabuursi,and Issa are also all Dir. In Ethiopia, the Dir clans are also the most numerous Somali clan group.

Southern Dir groups claim direct descent from Hiil, Samaale, Aji, Irir, who was the direct father of Dir. One of the brothers of the Dir included the Digaale and the Hawiye.

According to the Dir clan histories, Dir had four sons named Madahweyn, Mandaluug, Madoobe, and Mahe Dir; according to others Dir had a fifth son named Qaldho Dir.

The Dir in Ethiopia are represented by the Gariir, Gurgure, Guure, Layiile, and Akisho groups (all of which are part of the larger Madaxweyn Dir group), along with Issas, Jaarso, Quranyo Maxamed, Gadabuursi, Gadsan, Fiqi Muhumand, Qubeys, Mandaluulg, Baajimaal, and Wardaai. The majority live in the Dira Dhabe area, Jijiga region, and by the Awash River. The rest of the Ethiopian Dir clans live in southern parts near the Somali border near Dollo Ado and as far as Guure Dhamoole and Negele Boran.

In the Mudug region of central Somalia and all the way to Hiiraan region is another cluster of Dir clans known as the Suure. The Suure have been associated with spreading the Islamic faith in Somalia and the Qadiriya Sufi tariiqa in southren Somalia. The Suure are among the most influential Dir groups in Southern Somalia, and their territories include large areas of the Mudug and Galgaduud regions. Also the Suure have founded major trade cities in the Hiiran area including Alaabay and Kamhanley.

The majority of western scholars (both Italian and British) simply refered to the Surre as the "Dir of central Somalia" without differentiating them, but recent studies in Somalia reveal that the majority of the Dir in Hiiran, Gedo, Jubba and Bakool are divided into two branches, the Qubeyes and Abdalles, both descendents of Suure.

Other branches of the Dir include the ancient Biyamaal Clan who occuppy an area from 50 km south of Mogadishu all the way down to Jilib and Kismaayo, not far from border with Kenya. The Biyomaal of Marka fought against the Italian colonial rulers of Southern Somalia in a twenty-year war known as the Biyamaal Revolt, in which the Dir assassinated several Italian governors.

The Gurgure Dir inhabit the ancient city of Dira Dhawe, which is also inhabited by the Madoobe Dir Issas.[citation needed] The first to arrive were the Gurguras who named the city Dira Dhawe, or "the place that Dir conquered or hit with his spear". Finally, the Issas and other Somali groups followed into the region and the Christian Amharas referred the region to as "Oow-raajaa na Issa na Gurgura" or the region of the Gurguras and the Issas.

Gadsan (or Gaadsan) is one of the largest tribes in Dir, especially the western Dir. They reside mainly in three districts: Liban (Jarrati, Waladaya, Doolow and Guuredhamole), Godey (Iimey and Marole), and Gashamo (Nusdariiq, Marsin, Kabtinuur and Qabridhare). There is also other large population of gaadsan, known as Gaadsan-Qalaawileey in the Shabelle and Jubba regions. In Kenya there is a third division of Gaadsan, known as Gaadsan-Kenya, found in many cities such as Bangal, Garseeni, and Holla.

Political groups associated with the Dir clans include the following groups in Somalia and Ethiopia:

Issas and Gurgure Liberation Front (IGF) of Ethiopia.
Somali Democratic Alliance (SDA) of the Gadabursi Dir clan.
Somali National Movement (SNM) of the Northern Isaaq.
Southern Somali National Movement (SSNM) of the mostly Mohamed Xiniftire Dir Clans (Bimaal, Mandaluug, and Gadsan) of Jubba, Gedo, Bardheere, and Shabeellaha Hoose region.
Democratic Liberation Front (DLF) supported Central Somalia Dir groups.

Dir subclans

Madaxweyn Dir
Gurgure: The Gurgure are divided into three major groups, Habar Daar, Quwaax and Liiban, who are made of many sub-clans:
Habar Daar
Kunduuble
Cali
Cabdille
Quwaah
Nabidoor
Gacal Waaq
Baiido
Liibaan

Gufaatiile
Sanceele
Sanaye
Guure
Jaarso
Akisho
Wara-Miyo
Reer-Warfaa
Reer-Dalal
Reer-Hawade
Reer-Liibaan
Wara-Ito
Wara-Bito
Wara-Dayo
Wara-Luujo
Wara-Heebaan
Igo
Warre-Dhanqo
Warre-Kiyo
Obo
Asaabo
Dawaaro
Wardaay
Layiile
Gariire
Jiido
Reer Aw Said and Abkeey Haji

Farah Said
Abiikar Said
Sacdi Said
Nuur Said
Ali Said
Cismaan Saciid
Huseen Said
Hassan Said
Cumar Saciid

Maha Dir (Maxamed Xiniftire)
Isaaq (Garhajis, Awal, Arap, and H.Jeclo)
Biyamaal
Sa'd
Ismiin
Suleyman
Gaadsan
Reera-Same
Adan
Yoonis
Cumar Abokor
Cumarjamc
Tagaleen
Fiqicilmi
Dhaweed
Odeymarke
Naleeye
Fiqinuur
Cumar-maxamud
Fiqicigal
Reer-smail
Reer-qaasin
Reer-sacdi
Dabruube
Barsuug
Bajimaal
Magaadle
Madiigan

Suure (Qubeys and Abdalle)

Abdalle (Gutaale)
Abdi
Fiqi Muxumed
Hogar
Laxmar
others

Nacadoor
Guuled
Xaraan
Ciise
Qotonsay
Cirday
Giir
Kaahin

Goorad




Sulayman Abdalle
Agoon
Guuled Agoon
Warsame Agoon
Cigaal Agoon
Jalaf Agoon
Dabac
Fiqi Khayre
Cumar
Haarun
Siyaad
Bayr
Cabas
Food Cade

Qubeys (Lafagaab)
Tolweyne Qubeys
Reytoonle
Faqi Cumar
Yabarcade Faqi Cumar
Fiqi Walaal (Aw-caalin, Xaaji Cabdalle)
Samafale,Maxamud weyne, Aw-Cisman, Maxamud Yare
Xassan Faqi Cumar
Rooble Cismaan (Faarax, Weheliye, Maxamed)
Aw-Macalin (Macalin Muxumed, Macalin Yusuf, Sheekh Cali, Macalin Macow)
Heeraar
Fiqi Yaxye
Caalin Mooge
Maxamed Abtiudug
Axadoobe Qubeys
Cismaan Diidshe (Cismaan Iyiinta)
Cabdalle Diidshe (Cabaas Iyiinta)
Yabadhaale Qubeys
Wayaagle
Yabarow, Xasan, Cumar, Xeefoow
Faarax
Maxamuud
Dhaayoow
Miidkasse
Axmed faarax
Afrax faarax

Mandaluug (Mahe) Dir
Gadabuursi (Samaroon)
Yuusuf
Ciise
Makidoor
Habar Cafan

Issa Madoobe Dir
Howlgati
Walaaldoon
Makahir
Mahamuud
Iidleh
Uurweyne
Fiqi
Abdalle
Wardiiq
Horoone

Habar Walaala
Geelwalaal
Howleh
Furlabe
Mahdle
Saahib
Eliye
Mamasan
Muuse

Qaldho Dir
Jeerse
Nooleh
Alle
others


Fadlan wixii aad ku dari karto ama sixi karto nala socodsii.


Comments:
Akisho
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Akisho (var. Akisha, Akishe; also known as Gurre) is a Somali subclan, part of the larger Dir group whose members live in Ethiopia and northern Somalia. The Akisho are a subclan of the Ali Madaxweyn Dir, and they are reputed to be descendants of the eldest sons of the Madaxweyn Dir.

Akisho is one of the oldest clans in the Horn of Africa. According to Somali history, two of the oldest monarchies in the region, the Ifat and Adal Sultanates, were Akisho.[citation needed] The great horn African hero Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi ("Ahmed Gurey") was Akisho.[citation needed]

The Akisho inhabit both Somaliland and Ethiopia. In Somaliland, Akisho members live in the southern Waqoyi-Galbeed Province, Wajaale, Ala’ibaday, and Gabiley. In Ethiopia, where the Akisho are the most widespread Somali group, Akisho members inhabit Jijiga, Baale (Nagelle), Baabule, Fayaanbiiro, Qabri-Bayah, Fiiq, Hara-Maaya, Harar, and Dadar.

Akisho members are predominantly adherents of Sunni Islam, though one might find a Christian Akisho in the Shewa area of Ethiopia.

TheAkisho name means originally or is derived from "Cayisho" which means in old Somali the "Fat One". Also the other nick name of the Akisho Guure is derived from one who doesn't "hear" because they did not speak Oromo languege when they settled amoung the Bale Arussi in the 1600 century A.D. Similarly, the Gurgure who are very close to the Akisho were refered to Oromo and Somalis as the traders or Gurgure from the old Somali word "gorgortan" which means one who sales and trades.

According to the folklore historians of the Southren Suure Dir of the Mudug region, the Akisho and the Gurgure madahweyne Dir produced some of the most famous Somali folk heroes like the famous Somali queen Araweelo who was Warre Miyo and the Somali national hero, Ahmed Ibraahim Gaxsaali better know as Ahmed Gurey who was the ruler of Adal and Ifat.

The Akisho (Gurre) clan consists of 12 major subclans:

Akisho
Waro-Miyo
Reer-Warfaa
Reer-Dalal
Reer-Hawade
Reer-Foofiye/Rooble
Reer-Agal
Reer-Buuke
Reer-Naaleye
Waro-Bito
Waro-Dayo
Waro-Luujo
Waro-Ito
Waro-Kiyo
Waro-Heebaan
Waro-Kurto
Obo
Igo
Asaabo
Eejo
Abiju
Akiju
Heebaana
Huumo
Jaarso
Maya
Obara
This article about an ethnic group in Africa is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akisho"

Awadwar@yahoo.com
 
Awadwar@yahoo.com

Dear Brothers

I would love to thank you first for the wonderful forum. We need someone to promote and rise our awareness about the illustrious Dir clan.

The orgin of the Suure name

Let me add an old story about the orgin of the Suure name. As we all know by now Suure was the youngest son of Mahe Dir and he was the last one born to Mahe Dir shortly before he passed away, may Allah bless his soul.

It was said by the Dir of old, Mahe Dir one day looked at his youngest son and named him "Suure" which means in old Somali the "Wise one" or literally one who was very intelligent. Know unfortunately, this word is extinct and obsolete in modern Somali,but Suure meant "Intelligent", Wise as in Somali we use today:

"Kibir iyo Suure badanaa", which literally means one is full of pride and intelligency. Also the name "suure" is used in the Somali phrase:

"Maskax iyo Suure badne"

"Suurto Gal maaha"

"Waa Suuro gal ama waa aqli gal"

Therefore, in the old Somali spoken by the Dir Suure use to mean intelligent one or one who is wise. Now, this is why the Dir elders of Mudug used to say, "Suure" meant the wise one and it is the nick name given to the last born of Mahe Dir.
 
Mansha Allah!

Maansha Allah! Bravo! Bravo!

This is very interesting and your wonderful analysis is mind boggling.

Honestly, I have never asked or even pondered about what the heck "Suure" meant. Isn't it a bitch, the Suure whether Qubeys or Abdaalle are obsessed with the name Dir, but yet no one ever pondered or told us what Suure meant.


I think the sad thing about the Suure of Mudug region is they forgot their own name, Suure.

Why is it that no one uses the Suure name? Why are we so obsessed with Dir, Dir, Dir and more Dir.

Don't misunderstand me, I quite frankly love my "Dirness",but why is it we dont even know out own Suure name and its history?

I think it is a damn shame and disgusting the Suure do not use their wonderful name. Everybody in Somali will tell you they know Qubeys, fiqi muhumad, fiqi walaal, agoon, fiqi yahye, nacadoor, dabac,ahmed farah, Etc. But the name Suure is rarely heard.


I can tell you what Dir means and we all heard that ten thousand times. That freakin Dir means:

1)the ancestor "fir" ama "ab" ama Farac.

2) we heard Dir means "Dhiiri" boldness, Dirir "Worrior".

3)Dir means "genetically related to" like when somalis said, "neefkan Dirkiisu wuxuu ka soo jeedaa"

4)Dir also means "people", "race" or as in old poetry Dir meant People or man.


But I have never heard anybody explain Suure and its meaning and I love your wonderful insight.

It is extremely neat, fantastic and brillent periodly.


You are wise my brother and you, yourself must be some type of a Suure"wise one", Genius, intelligent, and insightful.
================================
Kibir iyo Suure badanaa", which literally means one is full of pride and intelligency. Also the name "suure" is used in the Somali phrase:

"Maskax iyo Suure badne"

"Suurto Gal maaha"

"Waa Suuro gal ama waa aqli gal"

Therefore, in the old Somali spoken by the Dir Suure use to mean intelligent one or one who is wise. Now, this is why the Dir elders of Mudug used to say, "Suure" meant the wise one and it is the nick name given to the last born of Mahe Dir.

================================
 
There are some corrections required for this list:

1) The Cabdalle Guutale are 4 and their uncle called reer Habar Deel.

2)The Rendille of Kenya are a old Dir group who left Somalia long time ago an is settled in Kenya Marsabit. They are currently very mixed with other groups and they are divided into :

9 clans sagaalka Lama suule some of them have Ciise sounding names like UUrweyne and Hoolgati
 
sxb waad mahadsantahay sixitaanka aad na saxday, waxaan kaa codsanaynaa inaad sifiican oo dhamaystirto u soo qorto noona soodirto.
 
waxaan rabaa inaan wax ka saxo saleebaan cabdale sida aad wax uga qorteen
salbeen cabdale waxa uu u kala baxaa
reer muuse faarax
samatar muuse= agoon iyo dabac
cumar muuse = reer dari iyo reer laf joogsato
siyaad muuse
cabaas muuse iyo xabad muuse
reer siyaad iyo labadaan kale ma aqaan sida ay u kala baxaan. laakin waxaan qalad ku arkay inaad saleeebaan cabdale ka wada dhigtay reer agoon oo aad sii kala bix bixsay laakin jufooyinka waa weeyn waa muusayaaashaa aan ku soo tirshay
 
Ahmed deeq Hassan Roble
as/cal/wr/wb
waxaan raaba inaan wax ka saxo sida aad sure wax uga qorteen, sure ma ahan kaliya Qubays iyo Cabdale waxaad ka tagteen maxamed guutaale(Habar deel)ah uuna la dhashay cabdale guutaale marka waxaa la isku yiraahdaa afarta cabdale iyo adeerkood.
Habar Deel, wuxuu u kala baxaa
Samatar Naleeye iyo Maxamud Naleeye.


waan ku
 
Qladho dir waxay u kala baxdaa sidan hoos ku qoran:

Qaldho dir

jaarso
noole
wara huume
 
As salaamu caleykum


bro jizaaakal laah for u information about Clan of dir ..


? how came we r not united
? we do they based Ahmed Farah
?can i have ur personal e-mail
 
qaldho dir waxay u kala baxdaa sian hoos ku qoran

jaarso
huumo
noole

waxaa la isla yiraahdaa reer dage
 
test ok
 
waxa si xoogle lo huba in uu Surre ukal baxo =Qubeeys iyo cabdalla =

1-Maxamed Cabdalle ( Nacdoor )
2-Suleyman Cabdalle (Ago.dabac)
3-Cabdi Cabdalle (Fiq M/med)
4-Gorod Cabdalle ( )
Afarta waxa adeer u ah Habar deel lona yaqaano Dir - Rooblr , inta wa xaqiidi oo aan wax naxli ah kujirin wbilaahi -towfiq.
 
As I believed long and my parents told me I am somali, Dir, reer Muse Deri. when I read the names of Dir somal clans I fond Muse Deri inside the names but still I saw other name related that one I saw, Muse Dhariyo I believed also these people are Muse Madobe they mostly dwel, inhabite in Northwest and west of somalia, I believe the chain of Dir clans once cut off by some factors so if sombody gave me lucide explaination will appreciate.
 
asc

waad ku mahasantihiin dhamaan fikirkiin, however waxaa rabaa in aqoon guud igu sheegtaan qubeys, wadiga tilmaamay in la hubo surre ukla baxo qubeys & cabdalla, kaliya ku soo koobtay reer cabdalle bro what happen to reer qubeys mahasanid
 
sheikh yusuf direed was most somali known mullah in africa
 
we only know fiqi maxamed in xeraale not these match dir god pless all of them
 
asc bro

aniga waxaan rabaa somaliland soo ma aha DIR ,
 
Asc wr. waxaan ahay nin Dir ah. Waxaa i dhalay Marexan. Waxaan kusoo koray Kenya. Waxaan lasoo koray hooyaday iyo reer abtigay. Waxaa la'igu soo barbaarshay inan ahay Marexaan. Waxaan ogaaday mar dhow, inaan nahay Dir, ku dhex dhaqata Marexan-ka. Waxaan ka xumaaday Dir wey badan tahaye, how come it took me 20+ years to discover it? Inkastoon waxba ka aqoon dadkeyga Dir, I'm so proud to have Dir blood running in my veins.
 
Maha Dir (Maxamed Xiniftire):-
1-Isaaq:- (Garhajis, Awal, Arab, and H.Jeclo)

2-Biyamaal (Biimaal)

A-Sacad (Reer-ugaas, Maxaadoow, Habloow, Gacal-adeer)

B-Ismiin (Baahal, Mahadwaaq, Habar-caro, Maleele, Gamaas, Yabadhaal, Warable)

C-Daadow (saleemaal, Cumaamadle, Gaafleey, Daa'uud)

D-Gaadsan
1-Reera-Same
Adan
Yoonis
Cumar Abokor
Cumarjamc

2-Tagaleen
Fiqicilmi
Dhaweed
Odeymarke
Naleeye
Fiqinuur
Cumar-maxamud
Fiqicigal
Reer-smail
Reer-qaasin
Reer-sacdi

#Dabruube
Barsuug
Bajimaal
Magaadle
Madiigan
 
Sxb yaaal waxaan iisheegtaan Jaarso meesha for iyo Somali kasoogasho

 
Mahadsanidiin dhamantiiin πŸ‘πŸ‘πŸ‘πŸ‘πŸ‘
 
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